U.S. House of Representatives Voters Guide

How House Democrats and Republicans Voted

House of Representatives

Every two years, voters choose all 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives; each is called a Member of Congress. Control of the House is up again this year and may hinge on a few Congressional seats. The party with the most seats selects all committee chairs and decides which bills to consider—and which investigations to conduct. This guide summarizes some key votes over the past six years to show how the two parties have handled that control and voted on important issues.

The Issues


Democrats voted to keep abortion legal
Republicans voted to ban or mostly ban abortion

Economy and Taxes

Democrats voted to raise corporate and top-bracket taxes and raise federal investment in social programs and the economy
Republicans voted to lower corporate and top-bracket taxes and limit federal investment in social programs and the economy

Environment and Climate Change

Democrats voted to tighten environmental regulations, limit greenhouse gas emissions, subsidize renewable energy
Republicans voted to loosen environmental regulations, reject greenhouse gas limits, oppose subsidizing renewable energy

Gun Laws

Democrats voted to tighten gun rules
Republicans voted to loosen gun rules

Health Care

Democrats voted to support Obamacare and expand Medicaid
Republicans voted to repeal Obamacare and oppose expanding Medicaid


Democrats voted to support permanent legal status for DACA recipients
Republicans voted to support renewable legal status for DACA recipients—if linked to tightened immigration laws

Labor RIghts

Democrats voted to make it easier to join unions
Republicans voted to make it harder to join unions

LGBT Rights

Democrats voted to expand LGBTQ rights
Republicans voted to limit LGBTQ rights


Democrats voted to decriminalize marijuana
Republicans voted to keep the federal ban on marijuana

Minimum Wage

Democrats voted to support $15/hour minimum wage
Republicans voted to oppose $15/hour minimum wage


Democrats voted to support increased oversight of police use of force, and oppose expanding the death penalty
Republicans voted to oppose increased oversight of police use of force, and support expanding the death penalty

Voting Rules

Democrats voted to limit state restrictions on voting
  • Override state laws by requiring same-day voter registration, establishing Election Day as a legal public holiday, requiring a minimum number of early voting days, and letting people vote absentee by mail for any reason.
Republicans voted to leave it to the states to decide on voting rules

We’ve focused here on party-line votes, or votes with only a few crossovers, to highlight the issues where each party has voted together. But some votes are bipartisan, and each Congressperson decides how to vote on every issue. Please see Congress.gov for a list of Congressional votes, guides.vote for our U.S. Senate and governor guides, and Vote411.org for races we don’t cover.

guides.vote is a nonpartisan project to show where candidates stand, with links to credible sources. We do not support or oppose any political party or candidate for office.